Seismic exploration is a set of geophysical methods of exploration based on a study of artificially induced waves of elastic vibrations propagating in the Earth crust. It is one of the geophysical exploration methods leading in terms of diversity of tasks to be solved, as well as in resolution characteristics and operation depth.

Depending on geological issues to be solved and on the operational conditions, seismic methods of exploration are subdivided into deep seismic sounding, regional, three-dimensional, petroleum, engineering, borehole seismology and other types of seismic exploration.